What is DHT and How is it Treated?
What is DHT Hormone? Dihydrotestosterone, or DHT, is an androgenic hormone important for developing and maintaining male characteristics.
In the prostate and hair follicles, 5alpha-reductase produces DHT. It may cause benign prostatic hyperplasia in the prostate (BPH).
DHT contributes to male pattern baldness and hirsutism in hair follicles.
DHT is 5 times stronger than testosterone. It can’t convert to estrogen, unlike testosterone. DHT levels are tightly regulated and lower than testosterone levels.
DHT helps develop facial and body hair, a deeper voice, and male sex organs. It causes BPH.
Testes, adrenal glands, and prostate produce DHT in men. Ovaries and adrenal glands produce DHT in women. Hormones regulate the body’s DHT levels.
DHT is thought to play a major role in the development of AGA. AGA is a condition that leads to progressive thinning of the hair on the scalp. In men, AGA typically begins in their early twenties and progresses slowly over time. In women, AGA can begin as early as the teens or twenties but is more likely to occur after menopause.
What Causes DHT to Increase?
So what causes DHT levels to increase? There are a few different things that can cause this to happen:
- Aging – As men age, their testosterone levels naturally start to decline. This decrease in testosterone can lead to an increase in DHT levels.
- Obesity – Being overweight or obese can increase DHT levels.
- Medications – Certain medications can cause an increase in DHT levels, such as anabolic steroids, certain beta blockers, and Finasteride (a medication used to treat enlarged prostates).
- Diseases – Certain medical conditions can also cause an increase in DHT levels, such as Cushing’s Syndrome, liver disease, and kidney disease.
If you are concerned about your DHT levels, speak with your healthcare provider. They can order a blood test to check your levels and determine if they are within a normal range.
Treatments of DHT
What Kills DHT? Some Treatments of DHT Are:
1. Minoxidil (Rogaine)
Minoxidil is a topical medication that has been used to treat hair loss in men and women for many years. It’s available as a generic drug and can be purchased without a prescription.
Minoxidil works by increasing the amount of DHT in your hair follicles, which causes them to grow back thicker and stronger than they would otherwise. It’s effective in most people with mild to moderate advanced male pattern baldness, but it may not help those with more severe thinning or alopecia.
Minoxidil comes in several different strengths, including 5%, 2%, 1%, and 0.01%. You apply it to your scalp once daily or twice daily, depending on how much hair you have. It should be used continuously until you see results or stop applying it altogether because it can cause irritation at higher doses. Shop minoxidil online today!
2. Finasteride (Propecia)
Finasteride is another treatment option for treating hair loss. It reduces the production of dihydrotestosterone (DHT), an enzyme found in both sexes responsible for causing hair loss. It’s also available as a generic drug.
Finasteride is recommended only for men who have had no success in using minoxidil. In clinical trials, finasteride was shown to be about 40% more effective than minoxidil alone, and about 80% more effective if combined with minoxidil.
Advantages of Using Finasteride Include:
- Long-term Use — Many men say that their hair stopped growing after stopping finasteride, so it’s good to know that it will continue to work even when you’re off the drug.
Disadvantages of Using finasterides Include:
- Cost — The cost is typically a few $ per month; however, this varies widely from insurance plan to insurance plan.
- Side Effects — Finasteride does come with some side effects, such as headaches, mood swings, sexual problems, and changes in libido.
3. Dutasteride (Avodart)
Dutasteride is a new oral medication approved for use in men with BPH or androgenic alopecia. It blocks the action of testosterone in the body. A study showed dutasteride reduced hair loss and enlarged prostate size compared to placebo. However, some men had side effects like impotence, decreased libido, and ejaculation problems.
In addition to reducing hair loss, the study showed dutasterone helps enlarge prostates. This means you might need to get regular screenings to check for prostate cancer while taking the medicine.
4. Testosterone Replacement Therapy (TRT)
TRT is best for high DHT levels. Studies show that lower doses of TRT are just as effective.
Injectable testosterone cypionate (Andriol) and testosterone enanthate are used.
Other testosterone replacement therapies include pellets that release slow-release testosterone into the bloodstream over time.
5. Laser Hair Removal
Laser hair removal treatments are highly effective for removing thick hair, but they won’t necessarily remove fine hairs or white hairs. They do require multiple treatments spaced one week apart. Most laser systems target the pigment melanin rather than all hair colors (e.g., black, brown, grey, blonde, etc.).
Proscar is an anti-androgen which works by blocking the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone inside cells.
By inhibiting the conversion process, Proscar prevents the formation of DHT, a hormone that causes hair follicles to shrink and shed. However, there is currently no research to suggest that Proscar treatment would help prevent male pattern baldness.
In addition, biotin supplements may also help prevent hair thinning in those who suffer from male pattern baldness. Shop biotin supplement today.
7. 5α-reductase inhibitors
Oral medications to reduce BPH symptoms like difficulty urinating and frequent urination. Nonsteroidal antiandrogens stop the production of DHT.
Cortisone, hydrocortisone, prednisone, and dexamethasone promote hair regrowth when applied to the scalp.
9. Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) Therapy
PRP contains blood platelets and proteins. In addition, this therapy uses your blood to grow new healthy hair. This method takes about 30 minutes, requires only a small amount of blood, and patients report almost immediate results.
Genetic and environmental factors cause male pattern baldness, causing hair follicle miniaturization and hair loss. Male pattern baldness affects more than 80 percent of people between 40 and 60 years old who have a receding hairline.
While it is not curable, there are many ways to treat male pattern baldness, including prescription medications, surgery, and other non-surgical options.