Top 7 Features of Python You Must Know
Python is an advanced self-contained, general-purpose programming language developed to meet the requirements of computer engineers, software developers and students at colleges who are keen on coding. Python was developed in the beginning of the 1990s with Guido van Rossum while he was working at IBM. The name of the language comes from its creator. It has become one of the more well-known programming languages of recent times.
Python is a top-level interactive, dynamic, object-oriented programming language that could be used to code websites and applications. It is often referred to for its object-oriented (OOP) programming language. The major advantages of using Python in place of other languages is that it’s a breeze to begin programming and due to its flexible syntax it is able to code almost any type of software.
Python is an open-source programming language that’s accessible for free and comes with numerous features that allow it to modify. It’s also a good choice for novices since it’s simple to learn and utilize. Alongside its simplicity of use, Python has a number of other characteristics that make it a great option for developers who wish to explore the world that is software development. Here, we’ll examine some of the key aspects of Python that help it distinct among other language.
What exactly is Python?
Before we dive into the main characteristics of Python before we dive into the key features of Python, let’s first look at the basics of what Python is. Python was designed as a successor to ABC programming language. It was first made available in 1991 under the name Python 0.9.0. Python is among the top-ranked programming languages currently.
Python is an advanced general-purpose programming language with a design that is primarily focused on code readability and the use of substantial code. Programming in Python for small and large-scale projects is a breeze for those who are just beginning to learn today because the language constructs and Object-Oriented approach of Python make the code simple and sensible.
Python can be used to implement a variety of programming techniques including Object Oriented Programming, Structured Programming, Functional Programming, and so on. It also has an extensive library such as NumPy, Pandas, etc. making it an excellent option for many technological fields such as Data Science, Machine Learning and many more.
The Key Features of Python
We now know the fundamentals of what Python is, let’s look at some of the main characteristics of Python:
1. It is easy to learn and a simple Language
Python is extremely simple to master. The syntax is extremely easy to learn and the learning curve for Python is extremely easy. It is extremely simple to master and code using Python and the use of indentation rather than curly braces Python makes it easy to comprehend Python code. Maybe, this is the reason why lots of schools, colleges, universities and colleges are offering Python to students, who are starting their journey to learn how to code.
2. Interpreted Language
Python is an interpreter (an interpreter is a language for programming which is usually interpreted without converting the program into machine-readable instructions. It is a language in which the instructions aren’t directly executed by the machine being targeted however, they are run and read by an different program, known as the interpreter) and an IDLE (Interactive Development Environment) is included with Python.
It’s nothing but an interpreter that follows its REPL (Read Evaluate Print Loop) structure, which is similar to that of Node.js. IDLE runs and displays the output of a single page of Python code at one time. Therefore, it displays errors while we run an entire section of Python code. It then shows all stacktraces trace for the error.
3. Dynamically typed language
Python is an evolving language. This means that in Python we don’t have to specify the data types of the variables we define. It is the task to Python’s Python interpreter, to figure out the type of data of the variables in the time-of-use based on the data types of the components in the equation.
While it is helpful in coding to programmers, this characteristic can cause errors at runtime. For instance, Python follows duck typing. This implies that “If it appears like the shape of a duck, swims as the duck, and quacks as the duck, it has to be an animal.”
4. Open Source And Free
Python is an open-source programming language . one can download it free on the Python official website. Python’s community Python users are constantly adding code to Python to help improve the quality of Python.
5. Large Standard Library
One of the key aspects that makes Python is so well-known nowadays is the massive standard library that it provides to its users. The library standard for Python is huge and includes numerous modules and packages like itertools, functools and operator and many others that include the most important and well-known functions within these.
If the code that implements a functionality is already included in these packages and modules that developers use, they do not have to write the code by hand, saving time and effort for the developer. Furthermore, developers are now able to concentrate on other aspects of their projects. Furthermore, Python provides the PyPI (Python Package Index) which includes additional applications that can be installed and utilized for additional features.
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6. High-Level Language
High-level languages (HLL) is an programming language that allows programmers to create programs that are dependent on a specific kind of computer. They are deemed to be high-level since they are extremely similar to human languages but distinct from machine language. In contrast to C, Python is a high-level language. It is simple to understand Python which is more accessible to the users than middle-level languages such as C. With Python we don’t have to keep track of the architecture of the system or manage the memory.
7. Object Oriented Programming Language
Python can be used to implement various programming models, including functional programming, structured programming and object-oriented programs. The most significant aspect is that the Object-Oriented approach to Python lets its users implement concepts like Inheritance, Encapsulation, Polymorphism and so on. that are vital to the programming that is used in many Software Industries as objects map to real world. A lot of real-world issues can be solved with an Object-Oriented Approach.