You’ve researched all the childcare options — nurseries, childminders (someone who runs a
nursery in their own home) and nannies — and have decided a nanny is the right choice for
you and your family. You may think you’ve got through the main hurdle and can just jump
into your search BUT just like the different types of childcare, there are different types of
nannies in UK and they offer different levels of childcare and domestic help.
Nannies, nanny-housekeepers, live in, live out, shared nannies and rota nannies. It’s
exhausting just writing this list! That’s why we’ve created this guide to help you narrow down
the options before you start your search.
NANNY (The specialist)
Nannies are experienced (and often qualified) childcare professionals whose main
responsibility is caring for your children. This includes important nanny services like their
physical and general wellbeing, organising fun and educational activities and supporting their
all-round development. They will also do cooking, cleaning and laundry, but only for the
● Days and hours can be flexible, depending on individual requirements.
● Domestic and house-keeping support is limited to the children’s nursery/room and
● There are a lot of people out there claiming to be the best nannies but not all of them
are very experienced or have been carefully vetted.
A nanny is a good fit for families who are looking for someone who is dedicated to the care
and wellbeing of their children when they are not around. However, if you’re looking for or a
greater emphasis on housekeeping, a nanny may not tick all your boxes. Nannies are
popular with parents hiring for the first time, and also those who have a separate cleaner.
Occasionally, because babies tend to have a couple of good naps during the day, a nanny
can do (some) housekeeping as well, but be realistic with your expectations as babies are
notorious for being unpredictable.
NANNY-HOUSEKEEPER (The multi-tasker)
In addition to caring for your children, nanny-housekeepers will also take care of
non-childcare specific duties such as cooking, cleaning, laundry for the entire family. While
the exact arrangements differ depending on individual requirements, the role of
nanny-housekeepers is typically split fifty-fifty between childcare and other domestic duties.
● Hiring one person to care for your children as well as clean your home can be a
● No-one has eyes in the back of their head and it’s not possible to excel at either if
your children need full-time supervision.
Nanny-housekeepers work well for families with school age children. In the mornings and
evenings, they can care for your child(ren), and they can spend time on cleaning and other
domestic duties when the children are at school. They can also work well if one parent is at
home during the day and will take sole charge of the child(ren) for some time so that the
nanny-housekeeper can focus on housekeeping.
MATERNITY NANNY (The baby whisperer)
Maternity nannies are experienced nannies who work with babies and younger children,
generally up to toddler age. They aren’t necessarily qualified, but they do need to have lots
of hands-on experience with families and babies. Like nannies, maternity nannies are
focused on the mum and baby and will only take care of child-related domestic duties.
● Maternity nannies can work with newborn babies, but they typically start when the
baby is around 3 months after a maternity nurse or maternity night nurse has left.
● Maternity nannies take on more of a general supportive role and can’t generally help
you with more complex baby matters such as breastfeeding which a maternity nurse
Maternity nannies are a great option when you want the additional reassurance of having
someone with a lot of baby experience to look after your baby from an early age. We often
see parents opting for a maternity nanny rather than a nanny when it’s their first time around.
LIVE-IN NANNY (The resident)
Live-in nannies and nanny-housekeepers live with you in your home, or in alternative
accommodation that is provided and paid for by you. If living in your home, they will also be
sharing your communal space, to some extent.
● Live-in nannies require their own bedroom and private bathroom in most cases
although some will consider sharing a bathroom with the children.
● If you can offer a separate floor, or even a separate entrance, your job will be much
more attractive. While some nannies will not settle for anything less, this is not a
standard requirement at all.
● No matter what, do not expect nannies to share a bedroom with your child(ren).
While this is sometimes the case in some of the Asian cultures, it’s not deemed
acceptable in most Western countries. If you somehow manage to negotiate that, it’s
almost guaranteed that your relationship won’t last long.
● A live-in nanny contract typically includes two nights a week of babysitting which can
help with last-minute childcare emergencies, but it’s wrong to assume they will
provide additional duties outside of their contracted hours just because they are living
with you 24/7.
● Tension is bound to occur at some point because you have someone living in your
home 24/7, and when it does, it’s hard to put space between you and take a breather
● You will also have to consider the “visitor policy”. Typically, parents don’t allow
nannies to bring in visitors, even if they are close family, unless they have separate
● Live-in nannies are less expensive than live-out nannies, but you will have to pay for
their food (during working and non-working days).
Live-in nannies are great for families with busy parents who have unpredictable schedules,
or travel a lot. Knowing that a trained professional from the best nanny agency in UK is
residing in your own home 24/7 can certainly bring peace of mind for anxious parents. In the
UK, only about 19% of nannies are live-in, yet about 30% of parents look for a live-in nanny.
They are in high demand! Don’t confuse a live-in nanny with an au pair though.
LIVE-OUT NANNY (The commuter)
Live out nannies and nanny-housekeepers don’t live in your home but will commute to work
● Families don’t need to worry about providing accommodation for live-out nannies.
● A live-out arrangement gives the family and the nanny more privacy outside work
● Live-out nannies may be less flexible in terms of changes to hours or last minute
Live-out nannies are most suitable for families that need childcare support during the day,
but enjoy their own space and privacy when they are at home during the evening.
AU PAIR (The traveller)
Au pairs are young (between 18-24 years old) and generally come from another country. In
return for lodging, modest spend (and the cultural experience) they will do a range of
childcare and domestic duties. They are not qualified childcarers, but will take your children
to school, entertain them, and do some light housekeeping duties such as preparing meals
and laundry (only for the children). The arrangement with au pairs is historically regarded as
a cultural exchange between the employer and employee, including time out to learn the
native language of the host family.
● Au pairs often lack experience and can only work for a maximum of 30 hours a week
in the UK
● Au pairs working in the UK are not entitled to the National Minimum Wage or paid
holidays; they are treated as a member of the family they live with and get ‘pocket
● Au pairs can give you and your family the opportunity to broaden your horizons, in
terms of language and culture.
● The organisation and payment for au pairs to relocate to the host family’s country is
in part, and sometimes completely, assumed by the host family.
Au pairs are perfect for families who are looking for more affordable childcare support and
don’t mind helping the au pair learn and develop (and vice versa as well!). It can also be a
great arrangement for families who themselves may have originally lived in a different
country and speak multiple languages. Au pairs are popular with families who have
school-aged children so that they can provide the wrap-around care, i.e. before and after
MOTHER’S HELP (The collaborator)
A mother’s help performs many of the same duties as nannies, but they lack the experience
necessary to be left in sole charge of the children. Instead, they focus more on supporting
the mum or dad in jointly caring for the children.
● Due to their lack of experience, hiring a mother’s help is generally cheaper than hiring
● For the same reason, it’s not advisable to leave a mother’s help in sole charge of
your children for extended periods of time.
A mother’s help suits families with a stay at home mum or dad who is looking for a little bit of
support when they are alone with the children during the day.
SHARED NANNY (The chameleon)
Nanny sharing is a situation where two families engage the services of a single nanny to
care for their children. As the name suggests, the families literally share the nanny.
● Children will have company and the cost of a nanny to one family will be about 30%
● Vacation scheduling for the nanny can become complicated due to the different
schedules of the families.
● Disagreements a nanny has with one family could overflow to the other family.
● Families may develop differing philosophies over time about things such as
appropriate TV viewing, homework, housekeeping, playmates and playgroups.
Shared nannies from the top nanny and childcare agency work particularly well if the families
know each other and have children of a similar age who are at the same schools. They can
provide the best in-home childcare at a minimum cost. It is however a rather complex
arrangement, more sensitive to any changes and therefore not typically as long lasting as
other nanny arrangements. The first hurdle many families experience is agreeing (or rather
not!) on who’s the right nanny.
ROTA NANNY (The insomniac)
Rota nannies work in a rota system with other nannies; they take it in turns to work and are
typically required to provide constant care for the children 24/7 when they are on duty.
Duties are generally split on a two-weekly basis, e.g., nanny number one works for the family
for two weeks and then has two weeks off and nanny number two will cover when nanny
number one is off.
We once spoke with one of the nannies who was employed by the famous tennis player,
Roger Federer. Given they had two sets of twins, and their insane travel schedule, each set
of twins had two nannies, who would rotate every two weeks.
● Due to the 24/7 nature of the job, rota nannies command a high salary.
● Rota nannies deliver typical nanny duties, but they may have additional
responsibilities due to the 24/7 nature of the role.
Rota nannies work well for high-profile families who need the reassurance of having
someone to care for their children 24/7.
If you’re ready to find the right nanny for you, visit our website: https://mytamarin.com/
Demystifying the types of nanny
You’ve researched all the childcare options — nurseries, childminders (someone who runs a